American Colonial Wars (1607-1775)

1610 – Anglo- Powhatan Wars, on one side the English Colonist. On the other side Powhatan Confederacy. the War ended in 1646, with the Treaty of Middle Plantation.

1634 – On the Fifteenth day of December, the Pequot War began. It ended in 1638. Those at war: The Massachusetts Bay Colony, now the State of Massachusetts. The Plymouth Colony, now part of the State of Massachusetts. The Saybrook Colony, now part of the State of Connecticut. The Connecticut Colony, now the State of Connecticut. The war ended with the Treaty of Hartford, Connecticut. 

1642 – The Beaver Wars, The Iroquois, English and Dutch Republic on one side. The Native American Tribes of Huron, Erie, Neutral, Odawa, Ojibwe, Mississaugas, Potawatomi, Algonquin, Shawnee, Wenro, Mahican, Innu, Abenaki, Miami, Illinois Confederation and other tribes allied with the French and France on the other side. The wars ended in 1698.

1643 – The Kieft’s War, New Netherlands, now New York in one side. The Native American Lenape on the other side. The war ended in 1645.   

1652 – The Anglo Dutch Wars lasted from 1652 to 1674. They were a series of conflicts fought largely at sea over Britain’s power to restrict trade to the colonies. Their impact on the colonies was mostly limited to their shifting ownership of New Netherland.

1655 – The Peach Tree War, New Netherland on one side. The Native American Tribes of Susquehannock and Allied Tribes, on the other side.

1675 – On the Fifteenth day of December, King Phillip’s War began. It ended in 1676.

1689 – On the Fifteenth day of December, King William’s War began. It ended in 1697. this was also, known as the Nine Years War or the League of Augsburg, was a phase in the larger Anglo French conflict for the colonial domination throughout the world. New France and the Wabanaki Confederacy thwarted New England’s expansion into Acadia by raiding settlements in present day Maine, whose border of New France defined as the Kennebec River in southern Maine. Toward this end, they executed raids against targets in Massachusetts Colony, including present day Maine, starting with the Northeast Coast Campaign.

With his New England militia, Sir William Phips moved in 1690 to take the French strongholds at Port Royal and at Quebec. Having to reckon with Quebec’s formidable natural defenses, its superior number of soldiers and the coming winter, Phips sailed back to Boston with his hungry, smallpox ridden and demoralized force. His failure showed a growing recognition of the need to replicate European combat techniques and war policy in order to achieve military success.

1702 – On the Fifteenth day of December, Queen Anne’s War began. It ended in 1713. In 1702 the Carolina Governor James Moore led an unsuccessful attack on St Augustine, the capital of Spanish Florida, as well as several raiding expeditions that killed much of the Native American population, in 1704 to 1706. Thomas Nairne, the Province of Carolina’s Indian Agent, planned an expedition of British soldiers and their Native American allies to destroy the French Settlement at Mobile, now in Alabama and the Spanish Settlement at Pensacola, now in Florida. The expedition never materialized, but the British did supply their allies with firearms, which the Tallapoosas used in their siege of Pensacola. the English failed to compensate the Tallapoosas adequately and by 1716, the Tallapoosas and other tribes had shifted allegiance and were prepared to strike against South Carolina Settlements.

1739 – On the Fifteenth day of December, the War of Jenkin’s Ear, began over Britain’s supplying slaves and goods to the Spanish colonies in North America. The Spanish became suspicious that the British ships were overreaching and began boarding and seizing British ships. The war gained a colorful name from a Spanish threat against the British Captain Robert Jenkins, whose ear was severed when his ship was boarded, he was told to show his ear to Parliament and tell the king of England that the Spanish would do the same to him. The conflicts included a siege of St Augustine, in Florida by Georgian colonists and a counter invasion of Georgia by Spanish forces. The war was largely subsumed by the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1742.

1744 – On the Fifteenth day of December, King George’s War, began The War ended in 1748. the North American phase of the War of Austrian Succession. In 1745, naval and ground forces from Massachusetts in the Siege of Louisbourg captured the strategic French base on Cape Breton Island. During the war, the french made four attempts to regain Acadia by capturing the Capital, Annapolis Royal. The French led the American Indian allies in Numerous raids, such as the destruction of the village of Saratoga, in the State of New York, killing and capturing more than one hundred of its inhabitants. The war merged into the War of Jenkins’ Ear against Spain and ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, under which the French regained the Fortress of Louisbourg.

1754 – On the Fifteenth day of December, the French and Indian War, began. The War ended in about 1763. The final imperial war, the French and Indian war, known as the Seven Years’ War in Europe, proved to be the decisive contest between Britain and France, in America. The war began over competing land claims between Britain and France in what is now western Pennsylvania. The war continued until 1763, when the French signed the Treaty of Paris and essentially forfeited the land of New France, ending their power on the continent. The British Empire had now gained mastery over North America and become a truly global empire. This last of the wars empire, however, also sowed the seeds of trouble. The war led Great Britain deeply into debt, and in the 1760s and 1770s, efforts to deal with the debt through imperial reforms would have the unintended consequence of causing stress and strain that threatened to tear the Empire apart.

1775– On the Nineteen day of April, the American Revolutionary War began. The War ended in 1783.